The Trail of Tears (and Andrew Jackson)
rubber stamp and interactive installation
2005

As a young real estate speculator, and later as a United States President, Andrew Jackson was an outspoken advocate of relocating native North American tribes to lands farther west, making room for Southern agriculture by European settlers. His signature on the Indian Removal Act of 1830 precipitated the ultimate removal of Indigenous people East of the Mississippi. The most well-known and largest of these transplantation efforts was the massive forced relocation of the Cherokee in 1838-1839, a migration which cost an estimated 4000 lives and is known as the Trail of Tears.

This rubber stamp was created for participants to imprint alongside Jackson's portrait on the US $20 bill - the bills are then reintroduced into circulation. When exhibited in a gallery, the stamp is mounted underneath an example of it's use, alongside an inkpad which allows participants to alter the currency in their own pockets.